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 Execution  August 2008


 

Islamic Regime hangs five for murders

Reuters
Thursday, August 28, 2008 (Tehran )


TEHRAN: Four men and one woman have been hanged in a Tehran jail for murder, with two others given a reprieve, a newspaper reported on Thursday, the latest in a series of hangings that have drawn criticism from rights groups.

The five were hanged on Wednesday in Tehran's Evin prison, the state newspaper Iran reported.

It said one of those executed had killed a five-year-old boy while robbing his home. The woman was executed for killing her husband after discovering he wanted to marry another woman.

Two others due to be executed were reprieved. One has a stay of execution after killing a woman he was to marry and her lover. He has two months to seek forgiveness from the family, who can accept so-called 'blood money' for sparing him.

Amnesty International in April said Iran executed at least 317 people last year, trailing only China, which carried out 470 death sentences.

Murder, adultery, rape, armed robbery, apostasy and drug trafficking are all punishable by death under Iran's sharia law, practised since the 1979 Islamic revolution.

Rights groups and European governments have criticised Iran for an increase in the number of hangings since authorities launched a clampdown on "immoral behaviour" in July.

Iran (islamic Regime) routinely dismisses such criticism, saying it is implementing Islamic sharia law and points to what it says are rights abuses by Western governments.

(Reporting by Zahra Hosseinian, writing by Edmund Blair, editing by Catherine Evans) courtesy of the respected site
A Second supporting site


Islamic Regime hangs another man for crime committed as a minor

Agence France-Presse
Wednesday, August 27, 2008 (Tehran )


TEHRAN (AFP) Iran has hanged a man for a murder committed at the age of 15, a report said on Wednesday, the second execution in a week that violated international rights conventions.

Behnam Zaree, 18, was executed in prison in the southern city of Shiraz on Tuesday for murdering a fellow teenager identified only by his first name Mehrdad in a streetfight three years ago, the Etemad daily reported.

Zaree had told the court that he did not mean to kill Mehrdad and asked for his family's forgiveness, the paper said.

Iran is a party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, whose signatories commit not to execute convicts who were under the age of 18 at the time of an offence.

But on August 19, Iran hanged Reza Hejazi, 20, in the central city of Isfahan for stabbing a man to death in a fight when he was 15.

The conservative judiciary maintains that minors are not executed in Iran, but 17-year-old Mohammad Hassanzadeh was hanged in the western city of Sanandaj in June.

The European Union and international human rights groups have sought to raise the age of legal responsibility in Iran's Islamic law, which deems a boy punishable from the age of 15 and a girl from the age of nine.

According to reports by the human rights group of Nobel peace laureate Shirin Ebadi, at least nine people were executed for crimes they committed as minors in the past Iranian year to March 2008, and 73 such offenders remain on death row.

"Child rights advocates are very concerned about the current situation and our protests have got nowhere," Ebadi told AFP last week.

Rights activists often seek to stop such executions by negotiating with the victims' families, who under Iran's Islamic law have the right to pardon a murderer or ask for their execution.

The family can spare a murderer from execution by accepting blood money, leaving the convict to serve a prison sentence instead.

The latest hanging brings to at least 175 the number of executions in Iran this year, according to an AFP count.

According to Amnesty International, Iran applied the death penalty more than any other country apart from China last year, executing 317 people.

Capital offences in the Islamic republic include murder, rape, armed robbery, drug trafficking and adultery.
courtesy of the respected site
A Second supporting site


Islamic Regim hangs man convicted of murder

Agence France-Presse
Saturday, August 23, 2008 (Tehran )


Iran [Islamic Regime of Ayatollahs] has hanged a man convicted of murder in the northeastern town of Bojnourd, a press report said on Saturday.

The man, only identified as Ali, was executed on Thursday in a prison in North Khorasan province for killing his friend in 2005, a newspaper said.

The hanging brings to at least 173 the number of executions in Iran this year, according to a news agency count.

Amnesty International reported that in 2007 Iran applied the death penalty more often than any other country apart from China, executing 317 people during the year.

Capital offences in the Islamic republic include murder, rape, armed robbery, drug trafficking and adultery.


Hanged for murder committed as minor

From correspondents in Tehran

August 20, 2008 07:20pm

IRAN has hanged a man for a murder committed at the age of 15, in violation of an international convention on child rights, one of five people executed on a single day, press reports said today.

Reza Hejazi, 20, was hanged yesterday in a prison in the central city of Isfahan for stabbing a man to death in a fight in 2003, the reformist Etemad newspaper said.

The execution came as several prominent film stars were summoned before a Tehran court over the launch of a campaign to raise "blood money'' to save the life of another young man on death row for murder committed when he was 17.

Shortly before Hejazi was to go to the gallows, prison officials agreed to his lawyer's request to stay the execution so that he could negotiate with the victim's family, Etemad said.

But the authorities went ahead with the hanging later in the day in the absence of his lawyer and family.

Four rapists and drug traffickers were also hanged in prison yesterday, bringing to at least 172 the number of executions in Iran this year, according to an AFP count.

Iran is a party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, whose signatories commit to not executing minors who were under the age of 18 at the time of the offence.

The European Union and international human rights groups have sought to raise the age of legal responsibility in Iran's Islamic law, which deems a boy punishable from the age of 15 and a girl from the age of nine.

The conservative judiciary maintains that minors are not executed in Iran, but in some cases murderers have been hanged after reaching the age of 18.

But 17-year-old Mohammad Hassanzadeh was hanged in the western city of Sanandaj in June, and several young men are behind bars facing execution for murders committed as minors.

On many occasions rights activists have sought to stop such executions by negotiating with the victim's families, who under Iran's Islamic law have the right to pardon a murderer or ask for their execution.

The family can spare a murderer from execution by accepting blood money for the victim's life, leaving the convict to serve only a prison sentence.

Two of Iran's most popular movie stars and a prominent director have started raising money to save Behnoud Shojai, who is to be hanged for the murder three years ago of a fellow teenager he committed at the age of 17.

But a Tehran criminal court yesterday summoned veteran actor Ezatollah Entezami, actor Parviz Parastooi and director Kiumars Pourahmad and blocked their bank accounts, Kargozaran newspaper said.

According to Iran newspapers, the victim's family had filed a complaint against the fundraisers and demanded their prosecution.

"I wanted the execution of my son's murderer from the beginning and never said I wanted blood money,'' said the father of Ehsan, who was killed by Shojai when he was also 17.

Amnesty International reported that in 2007 Iran applied the death penalty more often than any other country apart from China, executing 317 people during the year.

Capital offences in the Islamic republic include murder, rape, armed robbery, drug trafficking and adultery.

In the other hangings yesterday, a man identified only as Asghar and another unnamed convict were executed in Isfahan prison for raping two women in 2006, Etemad said.
Curtesy of the respected site


اعدام بدون مشورت با وکيل و خانواده

سه شنبه 19 آگوست 2008

وکیل مدافع رضا حجازی، اعلام کرد که حکم اعدام موکلش روز سه شنبه، ساعاتی پس از اعلام به تعویق افتادن اجرای آن، در زندان اصفهان اجرا شد.

رضا حجازی، نوجوان متولد سال ۱۳۶۷ در سن ۱۵ سالگی پس از شرکت در يک نزاع جمعی به اتهام قتل دستگير و زندانی شد. پس ازمحاکمه، حکم وی قصاص اعلام شده بود.

رضا حجازی روز ۲۸ مرداد ماه به سلول انفرادی منتقل شد و در ساعت ۱۸روز دوشنبه به خانواده او اجازه آخرين ملاقات داده شد و به آنها گفته شد که وی صبح روز سه شنبه ۲۹ مرداد ماه به دار آويخته خواهد شد.

محمد مصطفايی، وکيل رضا حجازی، در گفت و گو با راديو فردا گفت: صبح روز سه شنبه در پی حضور من و خانواده رضا در محل زندان اصفهان، مسئولان زندان و قاضی اجرای حکم با توجه به مستنداتی که در مورد غیر قانونی بودن اجرای حکم ارائه دادیم، اعلام کرده بودند که اجرای حکم متوقف شده است.

پس از اعلام این خبر، خانواده رضا و وکیل او، با شادمانی محل زندان اصفهان را ترک کردند، اما به گفته آقای مصطفایی، پس از گذشت چند ساعت، خبر اعدام رضا حجازی در سایت روایط عمومی دادگستری اصفهان منتشر شد.

برنامه ريزی برای اجرای حکم قصاص نفس اين پسر ۲۰ ساله در حالی صورت گرفته بود که حکم اعدام رضا حجازی به وکیل او ابلاغ نشده بود.

به گفته آقای مصطفایی، رضا حجازی در سال ۸۲ در نزاعی شرکت داشته که طی آن، فردی به نام وحيد صادقيان بر اثر اصابت چاقو مصدوم شده و به محض انتقال به بيمارستان فوت کرده است.

پزشکی قانونی علت فوت را بريدگی قلب و عوارض اصابت جسم برنده تعيين کرد.

مصطفايی در مورد روند صدور حکم اعدام گفت: پس از برگزاری دادگاه، شعبه ۱۰۶ دادگاه عمومی جزايی اصفهان بر اساس شکايت و درخواست اولياء دم مقتول به استناد بند ب ماده ۲۰۶ قانون مجازات اسلامی، رضا را به قصاص نفس محکوم کرد. اما پس از ارجاع پرونده به شعبه ۲۸ ديوانعالی کشور مستقر در مشهد، قضات بدون در نظر گرفتن سن متهم و اينکه او می بايست در دادگاه اطفال محاکمه می شد، دادنامه صادره را تاييد کردند.

اعدام برای رضا حجازی در حالی صورت می گیرد که طبق ماده ۳۷ کنوانسيون حقوق کودک و بند ششم ماده پنج ميثاق بين المللی حقوق مدنی و سياسی، که به تصويب ایران نيز رسيده است، اعدام افرادی که در زمان ارتکاب جرم سن شان زير ۱۸ سال باشد، ممنوع است.

ايران در سال ۱۳۷۲ کنوانسيون حقوق کودک را پذيرفته و در سال ۱۳۵۴ به ميثاق بين المللی حقوق مدنی و سياسی پيوسته است.

در هر دو سند بين المللی به صراحت، دولت ها از اعمال مجازات مرگ برای اطفالی که در زمان ارتکاب جرم سن آنها کمتر از ۱۸ سال بوده، منع شده اند.

منع اين مجازات غير قابل برگشت به زندگی، در ماده ۳۷ کنوانسيون حقوق کودک به تصويب مجلس شورای اسلامی رسيده و شورای نگهبان در نظريه خود هيچ گونه ايراد شرعی بر اين ماده قانونی وارد نياورده است.

محاکم دادگستری ايران برای مجازات افراد کمتر از ۱۸ ساله ای که مرتکب قتل شده اند، به ماده ۴۹ قانون مجازات اسلامی استناد می کنند.

براساس اين ماده قانون مجازات اسلامی اطفال در صورت ارتکاب جرم از مسئوليت کيفری مبرا هستند.

اما براساس تبصره اين ماده قانون مجازات اسلامی طفل به کسانی اطلاق می شود که به سن بلوغ نرسيده اند و از سوی ديگر طبق قانون مدنی ايران سن بلوغ برای پسر پانزده سال قمری و برای دختر نه سال قمری تعيين شده است.

يک گروه طرفدار حقوق بشر در ايران در ۲۹ خردادماه سال جاری اعلام کرد: طی ده سال گذشته، دستگاه قضايی ايران ۱۷۷ حکم اعدام برای نوجوانان متهم زير۱۸ سال صادر کرده است که حکم ۳۴ نفر تاکنون اجرا شده وحدود ۱۱۴ نفر ديگر منتظراجرای حکم هستند.

کمپين بين المللی حقوق بشر درايران، در بيانيه ای اسامی ۱۱۴ متهم نوجوان را که در انتظار اعدام به سر می برند، منتشر کرد که خردسال ترين آنها، فردی به نام احمد نوروزی است که سه سال پيش در سيستان و بلوچستان به مرگ محکوم شده است.

در همين زمينه، سازمان عفو بين الملل نيز می گويد از سال ۱۹۹۰ تا کنون حداقل ۳۰ نوجوان در ايران اعدام شده اند که از اين تعداد هفت نفر در سال ۲۰۰۷ و حداقل يک نفر در سال ۲۰۰۸ به دار آويخته شده اند.

رادیو فردا


Iran hangs two convicted drug smugglers

Tuesday, August 19, 2008;

TEHRAN (Reuters) - Iran has hanged two convicted drug smugglers inside a Tehran prison, Iran's state-run newspaper said on Wednesday, the latest in a series of executions that has been criticised by rights groups and European governments.

Since authorities launched a clampdown on "immoral behaviour" in July 2007, police have arrested dozens of drug addicts, smugglers, rapists and murderers.

Murder, adultery, rape, armed robbery, apostasy and drug trafficking are all punishable by death under Iran's sharia law, practised since the 1979 Islamic revolution.

"The two men were drug smugglers. They were hanged inside Tehran's Ghezel Hesar prison on Tuesday morning," the Iran newspaper said.

It said a Tehran court last year sentenced one of them to life term in prison but after he tried to smuggle narcotics into the jail, this was upgraded to the death sentence.

"Police found out he was trying to smuggle heroin and opium he got from his friend when returning to the prison from the court," the daily said.

In July, 29 people were hanged in one day inside Tehran's Even prison. In September last year, 21 people were executed in one day in two different places.

Amnesty International in April said Iran executed at least 317 people last year, trailing only China which carried out 470 death sentences.

(Reporting by Hossein Jaseb, Editing by Angus MacSwan) or Respective Reuters site

Islamic Regime hangs a journalist

Tuesday, August 05, 2008;

Iran [Islamic Regime] has executed a journalist accused of involvement with a Sunni militant group blamed for a spate of attacks in the south-east, officials have said.

Judiciary spokesman Ali Reza Jamshidi said Yaqoub Mehrnehad and another man were hanged on Monday in Zahedan, the capital of Sistan-Baluchistan province.

Mr Mehrnehad was convicted in February of being a member of Jundallah and of "crimes against national security".

He was arrested in Zahedan last year while reporting for a Tehran newspaper.

Reports say the journalist also ran a charity apparently focused on improving childhood education.

Sistan-Baluchistan province, which borders both Pakistan and Afghanistan, has long been affected by smuggling, drug trafficking, banditry and kidnapping. Its population is mainly made-up of the Baluchi ethnic group who are Sunni Muslims.

Jundallah, also known as the Popular Resistance Movement of Iran, says it is fighting against the political and religious oppression of the country's Sunni minority. The government says it is a terrorist group.

In February 2007, Iran hanged a suspected member of Jundallah who was convicted for killing 11 members of the Revolutionary Guards.
Curtesy of Respective Site


Iranian executes journalist over 'links to militant group
Officials in Tehran say newspaper journalist associated with militant group and threatened national security
Tuesday August 05, 2008


An Iranian newspaper journalist has been executed for allegedly associating with a militant group and threatening national security, officials in Iran said today.

Yaghoob Mirnehad, a reporter for the Tehran-based Mardomsalari newspaper, was executed along with another man yesterday, a spokesman for the judiciary said.

Mirnehad, who was based in the far south-east of the country around 1,000 miles from Tehran, had been sentenced to death in February. He was convicted of having links to Jundallah, an armed Sunni Muslim group operating in Balochistan on the Iran-Pakistan border. Authorities claimed he had set up a group to "cooperate" with Jundallah.

Mirnehad was arrested in Zahedan, the capital of Sistan-Baluchistan province, in May 2007. He was also accused of crimes against national security.

The judiciary spokesman said Mirnehad's conviction was not related to his work as a journalist, but gave no further details.

Jundallah means army of God. The group which the Iranian government says is linked to al-Qaida claims to have killed several hundred Iranian soldiers.

Jundallah says it is fighting against the country's Shia government for the rights of Iranian Sunnis. It is associated with the country's ethnic Balochi minority, of which Mirnehad was a member.

Amnesty International, which has reported claims of abuses against ethnic Balochis, says Iran executed at least 335 people in 2007, with the real figure believed to be much higher.

Curtesy of the respected site